Mahatma Gandhi led the civil Disobedience Movement which was launched in the Congress Session of December 1929. The aim of this movement was a complete disobedience of the orders of the British Government. It during this movement that it was decided that India would celebrate 26th January as Independence day all over the country. On 26th January 1930 meetings were held all over the country and the Congress tricolour was hoisted .
We shall either free India or die in the attempt; We shall not live to see the perpetuation of our slavery" - Mahatma Gandhi ( Quit India Movement)
The Congress passed the famous Quit India resolution at a session in Bombay. The movement called for non-violent but wide spread struggle for India's freedom. But before the Congress could start the movement, the government arrested all the major leaders and the Congress was declared illegal. Spontaneous popular revolts broke out through out the country with the battle cry of 'British Quit India'
Indian National Congress
In 1885, the Indian National Congress was formed under the guidance of Allen Octavian Hume. The INC became the the chief organization representing the will of the common people and led the Indians in their struggle for freedom. Under the presidentship of Womesh Chandra Banerjee, the Congress held it's first meeting in December 1885 at Bombay. After that, the Congress held the succeeding meetings every year in December in the different parts of the country. The congress initially followed the strategy of Petition, Pray and Protest. It highlighted the need for giving Indians greater power in legislative councils and 'to check the Drain of wealth' - a theory which was put forward by Dadabhai Naoroji.